Department of Nephrology

Dedicated to Healing

Nephrology is the subspecialty of internal medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the kidney. Because the kidney performs so many critical functions, nephrologists maintain expertise in primary kidney disorders, but also the management of the systemic consequences of kidney dysfunction.

 

They work to treat conditions such as chronic kidney disease, kidney infections, and kidney failure. Your primary care doctor will likely refer you to a nephrologist if you have a complex or advanced kidney condition that requires the care of a specialist.

Conditions treated in Dept of Nephrology

  • Protein in the Urine

  • Blood in the urine

  • Renal failure: A) Acute and B) Chronic

  • Kidney disease

  • Kidney stones

  • Kidney infections

  • Polycystic kidney disease

  • Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS)

  • Hepato renal problems (Liver and Kidney)

  • The systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)

  • Nephrotic syndrome

  • End-stage kidney disease

 

What is Kidney Failure?

Also called ESRD, end-stage renal disease is the last stage of chronic kidney disease. When kidneys fail, it means it has stopped working, and the patient needs dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive. If it is acute meaning temporary can be corrected in most instances.

Dialysis

Kidneys are responsible for the removal of waste for the body by filtering the body's blood and producing urine. But in a circumstance of Kidney failure, the kidney loses 85 to 90% of its functionality, leading to the need for dialysis, which will filter the blood for waste, salt, and extra water.

This is a synthetic process that allows a dialysis machine to filter your blood, removing waste and water. The process assists the body's impaired kidney function and is usually adopted while the patient undergoes treatment for the underlying disease, or till a suitable donor kidney becomes available. In the dialysis machine, the blood passes through a filter known as a dialyser, which imitates the kidney and filters out impurities and water from the blood.

To be able to connect your blood flow to a dialysis machine, an arteriovenous (AV) connection is made from your arm to the dialysis machine. The most common of these is the AV fistula which requires a minor surgical procedure to connect an artery and vein to the dialysis machine. Over time, the fistula becomes stronger and there is less pain when using needles to connect to the machine. The other option is an AV graft, which is also effective but requires more maintenance.

Asian Doctor

Dr.Rajashekar

Consultant - Nephrology

Expertise

  • Nephrology

  • Dialysis

 

Education & Training

 

  • MD – Nephrology from M S Ramaiah Medical College, Bengaluru.